The Best Keystrokes for Internet Beginners- Shortcut Commands Worth Learning

The Best Keystrokes for Internet Beginners Shortcut Commands Worth Learning By Paul Gill

October, 2013

Here are several shortcut commands that are useful in your web browser. These commands apply to Firefox, Chrome, IE9, and Safari.

1. CTRL-T to launch a new browser tab page

Tabbed pages are very useful: they let you open multiple web pages simultaneously without the same memory load as a full browser window.  Simply press CTRL-T to launch a new tab.

Related: use CTRL-Page Up and CTRL-Page Down to navigate between the tabs.

2. CTRL-Enter to type ‘www.’ and ‘.com’

Once you have pressed ALT-D to focus on the browser address bar, you can save yourself even more typing.  Since many website addresses start with ‘http://www.’ and end with ‘.com’, your browser will offer to type those portions for you.  You simply type the middle portion of the address (called the mid-level domain).

Try it:

  1. press ALT-D or click to focus on your address bar  (the entire address should be block-selected in blue now)
  2. Type CNN
  3. Press CTRL-Enter

More Tips:

  • if you press ALT-CTRL-Enter, you visit the web page and launch a new browser tab page at the same time
  • SHIFT-Enter is for .net web addresses
  • SHIFT-CTRL-Enter is for .org web addresses

3. ALT-D to access the address bar

Your browser’s address bar (aka ‘URL bar’) is where the website address goes.  Instead of reaching for your mouse to click the address bar, try ALT-D on your keyboard.

Like all ALT commands, you hold the ALT key while you poke the ‘d’ on your keyboard.

Result:  your computer focuses on the address bar, and block-selects the entire address, ready for you to type over top!

4. CTRL-D to bookmark/favorite a page

To save the current web address as a bookmark/favorite, use CTRL-D on your keyboard.  A dialog box (mini window) will pop up, and suggest a name and folder.  If you like the suggested name and folder, press Enter on your keyboard.

5. Zoom the page with CTRL-mousewheelspin

Is the font too small or too large? Simply hold CTRL with your left hand, and spin your mousewheel with your right hand.  This will zoom the web page and enlarge/shrink the font.  This is wunderbar for those of us with weaker reading vision!

6. CTRL-F4 to close a browser tab page

When you no longer want the web page tab open, press CTRL-F4.  This keystroke will close the current tab page while still leaving the web browser open.

7. Backspace to reverse one page in your web browser

Instead of clicking the ‘back’ button on your screen, try using your keyboard backspace key instead.  As long as you are focused on the page and not the address bar, backspace will reverse you one web page into the past.

Related: Safari web browser also uses CTRL-(Left Arrow) to reverse one page.

8. F5 to refresh the current web page

This is ideal for news pages, or for any web page that didn’t quite load correctly.  Press the F5 key to force your web browser to get a fresh copy of the web page.

9. ALT-Home to go to home page

This is a favorite shortcut for many!  If you set your home page to be Google or your favorite news page, simply press ALT-Home to load that page into the current tab.  Much faster than reaching for your mouse and clicking the home button.j

10. ESC to cancel loading your web page

Slow web pages happen often.  If you do not wish to wait for all the graphics and animation to load, simply press the ESC (escape) key at the top left of your keyboard.  It is the same as clicking the red X button beside your address bar.

11. Triple-click to highlight-select the entire web address

Sometimes, a single click will not highlight-select the whole web address.  If this happens, simply triple-click the address with your left mouse button, and it will highlight-select all the text for you.

12. CTRL-C to copy

This is a universal keystroke that works in most any software.  Once something is highlighted-selected, press CTRL-C on  your keyboard to copy that item to your invisible clipboard storage.

13. CTRL-V to paste

Once something is temporarily stored in your invisible clipboard, it can be pasted repeatedly by CTRL-V.  In case you are wondering why the unsual keystroke choice, it is because CTRL-P is reserved for printing.

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Forgot Administrator Password..

If you forgot the administrator password you can easily reset the password on Windows 7, Windows Vista and Windows XP with the Sticky Keys tricks. It works always.  Here is the Trick..  Visit Michaels Page for more helpful tips.

A picture of Michael Pietroforte By Michael Pietroforte | Thu, August 12, 2010 – 207 comments

Michael Pietroforte is a Microsoft Most Valuable Professional (MVP) with more than 28 years of experience in system administration. g+

Forgot the administrator password? There are many ways to access a Windows installation if you forgot the administrator password. Today I’ll show you another procedure to reset the Windows password by replacing the Sticky Keys application. This program allows you to use the function keys SHIFT, CTRL, ALT, or the Windows key by typing one key after the other instead of pressing them simultaneously with the second key. The main advantage of this password reset method is that you don’t need third-party software; another plus is that it is easy to carry out because no Registry hack is required, as when you offline enable the built-in administrator.

Forgot Administrator Password - Sticky Keys trick

Please note that resetting the password from an account other than the corresponding user account always means that the user loses the credentials stored in the Windows Vault, stored Internet Explorer passwords, and files that you encrypted with the Encrypting File System (EFS). Of course, if you have a backup of these credentials, you can restore them; likewise, if you have exported the private EFS key, you can import it again after you have reset the password.

Like with all other solutions that allow you to reset the Windows password without having an account on the corresponding computer, you have to boot from a second operating system and access the Windows installation while it is offline.

You can do this with a bootable Windows PE USB stick or by using Windows RE. You can start Windows RE by booting the Windows Vista or Windows 7 setup DVD and then selecting “Repair” instead of “Install Windows.”

By the way, you can’t use the Windows XP boot CD for this purpose because its Recovery Console will ask for a password for the offline installation. However, you can use a Vista or Windows 7 DVD to reset a forgotten Windows administrator password on Windows XP.

This works because Windows RE, which is based on Vista or Windows 7, will let you launch a command prompt with access to an offline installation without requiring a password.

To reset a forgotten administrator password, follow these steps:

  1. Boot from Windows PE or Windows RE and access the command prompt.
  2. Find the drive letter of the partition where Windows is installed. In Vista and Windows XP, it is usually C:, in Windows 7, it is D: in most cases because the first partition contains Startup Repair. To find the drive letter, type C: (or D:, respectively) and search for the Windows folder. Note that Windows PE (RE) usually resides on X:.
  3. Type the following command (replace “c:” with the correct drive letter if Windows is not located on C:):
    copy c:\windows\system32\sethc.exe c:\
    This creates a copy of sethc.exe to restore later.
  4. Type this command to replace sethc.exe with cmd.exe:
    copy /y c:\windows\system32\cmd.exe c:\windows\system32\sethc.exe
    Reboot your computer and start the Windows installation where you forgot the administrator password.
  5. After you see the logon screen, press the SHIFT key five times.
  6. You should see a command prompt where you can enter the following command to reset the Windows password (see screenshot above):
    net user your_user_name new_password
    If you don’t know your user name, just type net user to list the available user names.
  7. You can now log on with the new password.

I recommend that you replace sethc.exe with the copy you stored in the root folder of your system drive in step 3. For this, you have to boot up again with Windows PE or RE because you can’t replace system files while the Windows installation is online. Then you have to enter this command:

copy /y c:\sethc.exe c:\windows\system32\sethc.exe

Your System Restore Disk, Do You Have One? Better Make One!!!

Most Computer Manufacturers No Longer Supply You with a Recovery CD or DVD.
So what are you going to do when Your whole computer Crashes?
Your Computer Probably Includes the Software to Create Your Very Own Set.
Not Every Computer Manufacturer has this, so Hopefully Yours does.
If you are one of the Lucky Computer owners with the Create Your Own set of Restore Disks Software,
Make sure you create a Disk or Disks, ASAP or when you first hook up your new computer.
You will need these one day when either your Hard Drive Dies or you get a massive Virus or Trojan.
Then What are you going to do if you don’t have a Recovery CD?
Run out to your local Computer store and Pay for a new copy of Windows?
Lotta Money and way more work than Joe average wants to deal with. Then You will Probably call your Local Geek and there is more money.
So Spend a little time and make your Recovery CD-DVD’s NOW…. and save yourself the headaches later on.